IoT is the internetworking of physical devices, vehicles, buildings and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors and network connectivity that enable these objects to collect data.
Using your smart phone’s range of sensors (Accelerometer, Gyro, Video, Proximity, Compass, GPS) and connectivity options (Cell, Wifi, Bluetooth, NFC, etc) you have a well-equipped internet of things device in your pocket that can automatically monitor your movements, location, and workouts throughout the day.
Few examples of IoT are:
The Proteus Ingestible Pill Sensor is powered by contact with your stomach fluid and communicates a signal that determines the timing of when you took your medicines and the identity of the pill. This information is transferred to a patch worn on the skin to be logged for you and your doctor’s reference. Heart rate, body position and activity can also be detected using this sensor.
Using a wearable alarm button and other discrete wireless sensors placed around the home, the BeClose system can track your loved one’s daily routine and give you peace of mind for their safety by alerting you to any serious disruptions detected in their normal schedule.
You can easily track down those lost keys or cell phone in your house using Bluetooth and other wireless technology devices like the Cobra Tag.
Products like the cellular communication enabled Smart Belly Trash use real-time data collection and alerts to let municipal services know when a bin needs to be emptied. This information can drastically reduce the number of pick-up required, and translates into fuel and financial savings for community’s service departments.
With the use of installed sensors, mobile apps, and real-time web applications like those provided in Streetline’s Parksight Service, cities can optimize revenue, parking space availability and enable citizens to reduce their environmental impact by helping them quickly find an open spot for their cars.
Using a device like the Ninja Block and its range of add-on sensors you can track if a water pipe has burst in your basement, if there is motion inside your home while you are away, and have it automatically send you a notification by email or text message when it happens.
Smart Lighting System from Echelon allows a city to intelligently provide the right level of lighting needed by time of day, season and weather conditions.
Practical applications of IoT technology is found in industries like agriculture, building management, healthcare, energy, transportation & many. IoT is closer to being implemented than the average person would think. Some manufacturers have already started implementation on a small scale version. Over the years, IoT will be the latest trend & technology that will drive the world ahead.
Harsha Chowdary, is working as Assistant Engineer for Citrix Technology in Alpha Data Services Division.